Picnic Table Designs
As picnic table designs go, this one is probably the most common
one-piece style. It is relatively easy to build and doesn't require
many tools to do the job.
Building this all-in-one picnic table
Note: Before cutting any wood or building any part of this picnic
table, read through to the end of these instructions so that you can
verify the materials that you need.
There are many picnic table designs available, but I think you'll
find this one to be very solid and easy to build. When reading
through these instructions, think about how the pieces fit together and
visualize building this picnic table plan as you read through each step.
Power tools required:
Rough material list:
|2" x 6" @ 10'
||Legs, bench, and table top
|2" x 4" @ 10'
||Bench supports (free of knots)
|2" x 4" @ 8'
||Table top support (right and left) and
|5/16" x 4" Galvanized Carriage Bolts
||Bench supports, legs and diagonal
|2.5" Galvanized Deck Screws
||Table top, bench seat, misc. usage
Note: You can use any species of lumber that you want to build this picnic
table or my other picnic table designs, but if you're planning to keep it outside, I recommend either
pressure treated pine or western red
- Cut 5 2x6s 60" long out of three of the 10' 2x6s.
- Cut 2 2x4s 28" long out of one of the 8' 2x4s.
- On a flat surface, lay out the 5 2x6s side by side, with the
prettiest side facing down.
- Position the two 2x4s on each end of the table top (as shown in
the diagram) 7.5" from each end.
- Attach the 2x4 braces to the table
top boards using two 2.5" galvanized deck screws on each end of
- Mark an angle with a speed square 23 degrees on one end of a
2x6 and cut it.
- Measure 30" from the long point of the previous cut and mark
another 23 degree angle and cut it parallel to the first cut. (see diagram below)
- From one of the 8' 2x4s, cut one piece 28" long.
- On one edge of the 2x4 (A), make a mark 4" from each end.
This will be the position of the top of the legs. (see
- Place the legs (B) on the 2x4 (A) as shown in the diagram, and
secure them with two 2.5" galvanized deck screws.
- From the 10' 2x4, cut two pieces
60" long. These will be used for the bench supports.
- Measure up 14.5" from the other end of each leg and make a mark.
This will be the height of the bench support.
- Line up the top of the 60" bench support with the marks made
from the previous step.
- Center it between the legs so that an equal amount of 2x4 is
extending from each side. (see the diagram below).
- Secure the bench support (C) to the legs (B) with two 2.5"
galvanized deck screws.
- Drill a 3/8" hole through both boards where each piece connects,
and secure the pieces together with four 3/8" x 4" carriage bolts.
Note that the holes that secure the legs (B) to the upper support
(A) should be drilled 2" from the top of the upper support (1.5"
from the bottom). This is so that when you attach the leg
assembly to the table top, the carriage bolts won't be in the way.
- Repeat the steps above to assemble the remaining leg assembly.
Attach the Leg Sections to the Table Top
- Flip the table top upside down and attach the legs to each side
of the table top braces. Use four 2.5" galvanized deck screws
to secure each leg section. (see diagram)
- From the remaining 8' 2x4, cut two 24" pieces with a 45 degree
bevel on each end. These will be used as braces.
- From the bottom of the table top to the bench support, make a
mark at 17" on the middle of the bench support.
- Make another mark on the underside of the table from the
inside plane of the bench support to the center board on the
of the table (see diagram). The 24" brace, when attached,
should line up with these two marks. If they don't, pull
the leg assembly over until the marks line up. This is
required so that the legs and table top will be a perfect 90
- Secure the braces with 2.5" galvanized deck screws and finally,
with carriage bolts.
With the diagonal braces in place and secured, flip the table upright
and add the 60" 2x6 bench seats. (see diagrams) Using the
remaining scrap 2x material, add supports to the middle of the table top
and middle of the bench seats to keep the lined up. (see the
Picnic Table Side View)
Cut theses braces so that they are about 1" from either edge of the
table top or bench seat. Secure them with 2.5" galvanized
I hope you find these picnic table plans helpful when you decide to build
a picnic table. Also, check out the other picnic table designs on my
picnic table plans page.
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