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Picnic table plans

Picnic table plans - as you might imagine, there are many designs for picnic tables.  I saw the one featured on this page at an RV park.  It is a good solid one-piece picnic table that is fairly easy to build.

Picnic Table Plans
All-in-one Picnic Table Design

Building the all-in-one picnic table

Note: Before cutting any wood or building any part of these picnic table plans, read through to the end of these instructions so that you can visualize the finished product.

Power tools required:

Rough material list:

Material Qty Purpose
2" x 6" Pressure Treated Pine @ 10' 4 Top and table legs
2" x 4" Pressure Treated Pine @ 10' 2 Bottom support, table top framing & bench supports
2" x 10" Pressure Treated Pine @ 10' 1 Bench seats
2" x 10" Pressure Treated Pine @ 8' 1 Bench uprights
5/16" x 4" Carriage Bolts 16 Bottom and top of table supports / bench uprights
5/16" x 5" Carriage Bolts 2 Mid point of table legs
3" Galvanized Deck Screws 50+ Table top to framing / bench seat to uprights, etc.

Picnic Table Plans
Picnic table plans (isometric view)

Of course, you can make adjustments to the dimensions of these picnic table plans to fit your needs.  The dimensions indicated are the actual measurements from the picture I took of the one at the RV park.

  1. Cut the four table legs from the 2x6s - with a Speed Square, mark a 35 degree angle on one end of one of the 2x6s.  Measure 34" from the first mark and mark another 35 degree angle.  This is the first leg.  Cut it and use it as a pattern for the other three.
  2. Hold two of them together with the long points opposing each other and make a mark in the center (as if you are making a large pair of scissors).  Drill a 3/8" hole in the center through both legs.  Repeat these steps for the other table legs on the opposite end of the table.
Picnic Table Legs
Picnic table legs (assembly)
  1. Cut two 4" long blocks from ends of the 2x4s.  Drill 3/8" holes in the middles of these blocks.  These will be used as spacers to hold the leg sections apart. 
  2. Take two of the legs and sandwich one of the 2x4 blocks in the middle and bolt the three together with one of the 5" carriage bolts.  Do not tighten too tight. 
  3. Open the legs as if you were opening a pair of scissors.  Open them until the 35 degree angle cuts are lined up straight.  When sitting upright, the bottom of the legs should be flat on the ground.
Picnic Table Legs
Picnic table legs (shown aligned correctly)
  1. Cut two 2x4s @ 26 inches.  These will be used to tie in the top part of the table legs, and also serve as framing for the table surface.  Cut a 45 degree notch at the bottom of the 2x4s at both ends.  Align the table legs so that the 35 degree angle cuts are parallel. (see diagram above) Attach the 26 inch 2x4 with the 4 inch carriage bolts.  This will hold the table legs in position.
  2. Cut another 2x4 60 inches long.  This will be used to tie in the bottom of the table legs as well as serve as support for the 2x10 uprights that form the bench.  Center these 2x4s in between the legs and secure with 4 inch carriage bolts (see below).
 Picnic Table Leg Assembly
Picnic table legs with upper and lower 2x4s attached. 
  1. Cut four 14.5 inch length sections from the 8 foot 2x10.  These will be used as the bench supports.  Make a notch 1.5 inches x 5.5 inches at one corner of each support (see the diagram below).
  2. Tack the 2x10s into the lower 2x4s and drill/bolt them with 4" carriage bolts.
  3. Cut two 2x6s at 54 inches.  Screw them into the notches of each bench support using the 3-inch deck screws (see below).
Picnic Table Bench Detail
Picnic table support (detail)
  1. After attaching the 2x6 braces on the bench supports, the table should be standing up fairly straight.  It may not be perfect, but don't worry about that just yet - just so long as it is close.
  2. Cut five 2x6s @ 60 inches to use as the table top.  Starting at the middle of the table, center (both ways) and screw in the middle 2x6 with the 3-inch deck screws.
  3. Before attaching the remaining 2x6s, cut two 2x4 braces @ 17" from long point to long point as shown below.
Picnic Table Brace
Picnic table brace
  1. On the underside of the centered table top 2x6, measure over 12" from one of the table legs and make a mark.  Measure down 12" from the same table leg and make a mark on the leg.  Screw in one of the 17" supports such that the long points of the brace line up with the two 12" marks (see side view below).  Repeat this on the other end of the table.
Picnic Table Side View
Picnic table plans (side view)
  1. Screw in the remaining 2x6 table top boards working from the center board outwards.  Leave a 1/8 inch space between each board.
  2. Cut the remaining 2x10 in two pieces @ 60 inches.  Center them and screw them into the bench supports as shown in the end view below.
Picnic Table End View
Picnic table plans (end view)

Once all of the pieces are assembled and the table is square and straight, tighten all of the bolts.  The table should now be complete.


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