Picnic Table Plan
(with Detached Benches)
This picnic table plan is very similar to the
all-in-one picnic table plans on mycarpentry.com. The main
difference is the 2x4 bottom rail that connects the benches to the
picnic table. This picnic table design also uses 12 fewer carriage
Picnic Table Plan (with Detached Benches)
Note: Before cutting any wood or building any part of this picnic table
plan, read through to the end of these instructions so that you can
visualize the finished product and verify the material list. You might
have scrap material of your own that you can use for some of the smaller
parts. These instructions and material list assume that you do not.
Note on Materials: In some cases the material list (below) specifies
using a 10' piece of lumber for two 5' table parts. Some new materials may
be 1/2" or so longer than their specified length, but some are not. Also,
lumber is sometimes split or damaged at the ends. If either is the case, you
may want to purchase the next size up. Alternatively, you can make the table
slightly smaller (i.e. 58" or 59" table top boards instead of the specified
Power tools required:
|2" x 6" @ 10'
||Top, Bench Support, and Legs
|2" x 4" @ 12'
||Table Top Supports, Diagonal Braces
|2" x 10" @ 10'
|2" x 10" @ 8'
|3/8" x 3.5" Carriage Bolts (with washers and nuts)
||Legs and Diagonal Braces
|3/8" x 7" Carriage Bolts (with washers and nuts)
||Mid Point of Table Legs and Diagonal Brace
|3" Galvanized Deck Screws
||Approximately 55 (minimum)
||Everywhere, except Table Top Brace
|2.5" Galvanized Deck Screws
||Table Top Brace and Temporary Usage
Picnic Table Plan - Building the Table Top
- Cut five 2x6s 60" long. Next, cut three 2x4s 26" long. On two of
the 2x4s, make 45 degree angle cuts on one edge (see diagrams
below). These two 2x4s will be the outside framing for the table
top. Place the 2x4s on edge, approximately 51" apart.
- Starting in the middle of the table, screw in the first 2x6
table top plank, using 3" galvanized deck screws, making sure that
it is centered on the 2x4 framing and that the framing member is 4
1/2" from the end of the table top boards. Add the remaining 2x6
planks to the 2x4 framing, leaving a 1/8" gap between the boards.
There should about 1" overhang on the front and back edges when
completed (see diagrams). It is important to ensure that the
parts are square before screwing them together.
- Flip the top upside down and screw the remaining 2x4
brace to the center of the table top using the 2.5" galvanized deck
screws. The 2.5" screws should not penetrate the top.
Picnic Table Plan - Building the Leg Assembly
- With a Speed Square, mark a 35 degree angle on one end
of one of the 2x6s (this leaves a 55 degree angle on the table
leg). Measure 34" from the first mark and mark another 35 degree
angle (see diagram below). This is the first leg. Cut it and use
it as a pattern for the other three legs.
- To assemble the table legs, hold two of them together (one on
top of the other) with the long points opposing each other, and make
a mark in the center (as if you are making a large pair of
scissors). Drill a 3/8" hole in the center through both legs.
Repeat these steps for the remaining set of table legs.
- Cut two 4" blocks from the 12 foot 2x4. Drill 3/8"
holes in the middles of these blocks. These will be used as spacers
to hold the leg sections apart.
- Take two of the legs and sandwich one of the 2x4 blocks in the
middle and bolt the three pieces together with one of the 7"
carriage bolts (as shown in the drawings). Do not over tighten.
- Open the legs, as if you were opening a pair of scissors, until
the 35 degree angle cuts are in line. When sitting upright, the
bottom of the legs should be flat on the ground, and the two bottom
and top points of the leg assembly should be 26 inches apart.
- Attach the legs to the table, as shown in the diagram
below, holding the long points of the table legs to the ends of the
outer 26-inch 2x4 framing. Temporarily secure the legs in
place with 2.5" galvanized deck screws.
- Remove the nut and washer from the center 3/8" x 7" carriage
bolts and tap them back into the leg assemblies so that you can add
the diagonal braces (see diagrams for details). Note: You will
need to determine where the 3/8" hole needs to be drilled in the
diagonal pieces so that they can be attached to the leg assemblies
with the 7" carriage bolts. Once you have located and drilled
the 3/8" hole in the diagonal brace, you can secure the diagonal
braces (along the edges) with 2.5" galvanized deck screws to hold
them in place (until you can add the carriage bolts).
- Drill 3/8" holes for the remaining 3/8" x 3.5" carriage bolts
(as shown in the drawings) and add the bolts, washers and nuts.
Building the Detached Benches
- Cut four 14.5" length sections from the 8' 2x10. These will be
used as the bench legs.
- Cut two 2x6s at 51". Screw them (in the middle and flush with
the top) between the 2x10 legs.
- Cut two 2x10s at 60" and screw them to the two 2x10 bench legs
and to the 2x6 bench supports using 3" inch galvanized deck screws
(see diagrams for placement).
Once all of the pieces are assembled and the table is square and
straight, tighten all of the bolts. The table should now be
Leave picnic table plan and visit the